The Benefits of Electrification

Electrifying the U.S. economy is how we get to zero emissions by 2050 and have a shot at keeping climate warming within 1.5 °C.

42 percent of our energy-related carbon emissions are the result of decisions we make around our kitchen table: what cars we drive, how we power and heat our homes, how we warm our water, cook our food, and dry our laundry. Electrifying U.S. households will dramatically reduce carbon pollution, increase savings, create millions of new, good-paying jobs, and secure a better, more equitable future for our communities.

Benefits

savings
98% of households in California 12.8 million — could save $3.5 billion a year on energy bills if they were using modern, electrified furnaces and water heaters instead of their current machines.
Percentage of households that save money
0%
100%
jobs
Electrification would create 25,000 installation jobs in California. In addition, nationwide, it would further generate 80,000 manufacturing jobs and 800,000 indirect and induced jobs.
Installation
Electricians, plumbers, contractors
Manufacturing
Factory, assembly line, and supply chain workers
Indirect
Truck drivers, welders, mine engineers, accountants
Induced
Service, retail, food & beverage workers, teachers
savings
Of the households in California that would save by electrifying, 48% are low- and moderate-income. Each year, they would save an average of $305. Many would save up to $732 per year on average.
Low- and moderate-income households are those making up to 80% of local area median income.
48% of households that save in California are LMI
48%

4 in 10 adults would have difficulty covering an unexpected $400 expense.

Source: Federal Reserve
health
Electrifying household appliances would address the 42% increased risk of children experiencing asthma symptoms associated with gas stove use.
Furthermore, outdoor air pollution from residential buildings currently accounts for 15,500 premature deaths in the United States per year.
INDOOR POLLUTANTS EMITTED BY GAS STOVES
NO2
Nitrogen Dioxide
CO
Carbon Monoxide
HCHO
Formaldehyde
PM2.5
Particulate Matter (2.5 microns)
savings
The savings are biggest for the 4.3 million households in California across every county who are currently using electric resistance, fuel oil, or propane and would save $757 per year on average.
98% of households using natural gas would also save on annual energy bills. The number of households that would save and the average savings will continue to increase given the trajectory of heat pump technology improvements.
# of FurnacesAvg. savings if electrified# of Water HeatersAvg. savings if electrified
Electric Resistance3.11M$419 / yr3.86M$444 / yr
Fuel Oil31.5K$384 / yr7.3K$206 / yr
Propane0.42M$352 / yr0.36M$279 / yr
environmental
Furnaces, water heaters, dryers, and stoves account for at least 95% (360MMT) of residential building emissions in the United States but are replaced just once every 10–25 years.
Unless we choose modern, electrified replacements for these machines, we will continue to need dirty infrastructure to power our homes, never getting to zero emissions.