Rewiring America logo

The Benefits of Electrification

Electrifying the U.S. economy is how we get to zero emissions by 2050 and have a shot at keeping climate warming within 1.5 °C.

42 percent of our energy-related carbon emissions are the result of decisions we make around our kitchen table: what cars we drive, how we power and heat our homes, how we warm our water, cook our food, and dry our laundry. Electrifying U.S. households will dramatically reduce carbon pollution, increase savings, create millions of new, good-paying jobs, and secure a better, more equitable future for our communities.

Benefits

savings
At least 85% of households in the United States 103.0 million — could save $37.3 billion a year on energy bills if they were using modern, electrified furnaces and water heaters instead of their current machines.
Percentage of households that save money
0%
100%
jobs
Electrification would create 462,430 installation jobs in the United States. In addition, it would further generate 80,000 manufacturing jobs and 800,000 indirect and induced jobs.

Installation

Electricians, plumbers, contractors

Manufacturing

Factory, assembly line, and supply chain workers

Indirect

Truck drivers, welders, mine engineers, accountants

Induced

Service, retail, food & beverage workers, teachers

savings
Of the households in the United States that would save by electrifying, 44% are low- and moderate-income. Each year, they would save an average of $377. Many would save up to $493 per year on average.
Low- and moderate-income households are those making up to 80% of local area median income.
44% of households that save in the United States are LMI
44%

4 in 10 adults would have difficulty covering an unexpected $400 expense.

Source: Federal Reserve
health
Electrifying household appliances would address the 42% increased risk of children experiencing asthma symptoms associated with gas stove use.
Furthermore, outdoor air pollution from residential buildings currently accounts for 15,500 premature deaths in the United States per year.
INDOOR POLLUTANTS EMITTED BY GAS STOVES
NO2

Nitrogen Dioxide

CO

Carbon Monoxide

HCHO

Formaldehyde

PM2.5

Particulate Matter (2.5 microns)

savings
The savings are biggest for the 64.9 million households in the United States across every county who are currently using electric resistance, fuel oil, or propane and would save $496 per year on average.
67% of households using natural gas would also save on annual energy bills. The number of households that would save and the average savings will continue to increase given the trajectory of heat pump technology improvements.
# of FurnacesAvg. savings if electrified# of Water HeatersAvg. savings if electrified
Electric Resistance33.83M$300 / yr54.16M$282 / yr
Fuel Oil5.69M$407 / yr3.40M$174 / yr
Propane5.75M$447 / yr4.31M$303 / yr
environmental
Furnaces, water heaters, dryers, and stoves account for at least 95% (360MMT) of residential building emissions in the United States but are replaced just once every 10–25 years.
Unless we choose modern, electrified replacements for these machines, we will continue to need dirty infrastructure to power our homes, never getting to zero emissions.

Appliances to be replaced at end of life

Unless we choose modern, electrified replacements for these machines, we will continue to need dirty infrastructure to power our homes, never getting to zero emissions.

010.0M20.0M30.0M40.0M50.0M60.0M70.0M80.0M
Furnaces
Water Heaters
Dryers

Details

County
% Households saving (#)
Average Savings / Household
Emissions reduction (CO2E)
Fact Sheet

Downloads

United States Benefits of Electrification Fact Sheet

PDF of benefits and appliance replacement graphs.

Data by location

XLSX of states, counties, and congressional districts.

Methodology

For more information about this data, see our methodology page.